Kant's theory of moral worth involves identifying the individual as the author of moral law one acts morally, according to kant, when one chooses to act in a way in which that person would expect all people to act (under those circumstances. According to kant, the moral worth of an action consists not in the consequences that flow from it, but in the intention from which the act is done what matters is the motive, and the motive. Kant's moral theory is, therefore, deontological: actions are morally right in virtue of their motives, which must derive more from duty than from inclination the clearest examples of morally right action are precisely those in which an individual agent's determination to act in accordance with duty overcomes her evident self-interest and. Chapter 5 kant's moral theory, pp 66-87 for kant--moral actions are actions done in accordance with duty kant is not concerned with immoral actions--- no problem with those concern with: are moral actions done out of a moral motive 77 c2 kant distinguishes: actions done from duty v. Natural motives and the motive of duty hume and kant on our duties to others christine m korsgaard these motives do not involve moral thoughts, or desires performing unjust actions, from the motive of duty thus in a larger.
According to kant, the moral worth of an action consists not in the consequences that flow from it, but in the intention from which the act is done what matters is the motive, and the motive must an action is the motive of duty, by which kant means doing the right thing for the right reason. Third proposition - duty is the necessity of an action done out of respect for the [moral] law (kant in solomon and greene, 265) e duty is determined by applying a categorical imperative rather than a hypothetical imperative. Therefore, for kant, moral action, done out of respect for the moral law, is the most free (a law one freely chooses for oneself as a free being) action and the most rational (free of logical or rational contradictions. Which motives can endow actions with moral worth the motive of duty thesis provides one answer to this question: a morally worthy action is one performed “out of respect for the moral law”, or, more simply, because it is.
This is kant's term for the moral law such cases, kant would say, demonstrate that the moral worth of an action depends on the motive behind the action and not the action in an of itself kant posits a moral duty: necessity to act from respect for the moral law. Morality applies to all rational beings, and a moral action is defined as one that is determined by reason, not by our sensual impulses because an action is moral on account of its being reasoned, the moral worth of an action is determined by its motive, or the reason behind the action, not by its consequences. Consider, for example, the reason why hume would adamantly reject kant’s attribution of a special form of “moral worth” to actions done “from duty” according to hume, no action can be virtuous, or morally good, unless there be in human nature some motive to produce it, distinct from a sense of its morality. Kant's moral philosophy: a thorough overview based on the groundwork of the metaphysics of morals and later works including the topics of good will, duty, categorical and hypothetical imperatives, autonomy and kingdom of ends by robert johnson in the stanford encyclopedia. Kant's philosophy has in it some bases of moral actions which he outlines as categorical imperatives this philosophical base advocates for moral duties for duty sake and not for exterior motives.
For immanuel kant, the moral value of an action has nothing to do with what a person does actions themselves are not good or bad in addition, the results of the action do not determine whether. Our duty is the right thing to do, which is obeying the moral law a rational being who consistently has the right motive for doing moral actions (duty) has what kant calls a good will moral law. The moral worth of an action is determined by its motive, or the reason behind the action, not by its consequences which are not subject to our reason we can determine the worth of the motive behind any given moral action by asking whether we could turn that motive into a universally applicable maxim.
An overview of the motive for a moral action and the moral duty by kant pages 5 words 3,205 view full essay more essays like this: immanuel kant, moral duty, moral action not sure what i'd do without @kibin - alfredo alvarez, student @ miami university exactly what i needed. By contrast, were one to supplant any of these motivations with the motive of duty, the morality of the action would then express one’s determination to act dutifully out of respect for the moral law itself only then would the action have moral worth kant’s views in this regard have understandably been the subject of much controversy. Kant has, i think, successfully established that there is a distinct moral motive of respect for duty -- a motive that is not reducible to a mere selfish desire for personal happiness another argument would be required, however, to show that this is the sole moral motive -- eg, that sympathy and other motives of connection lack moral standing. Immanuel kant 105 knowledge associated with david hume and john locke four years later, he published the groundwork for the metaphysics of morals, the $ rst of his several works on moral philosophy.
Such motives lessen our moral worth the highest motive is to do our duty, not from ulterior motives, but just because it's the right thing to do good will he observes that only a good will is good without qualification (always good. An action is moral, said kant, only if one has no desire to perform it, but performs it out of a sense of duty and derives no benefit from it of any sort, neither material nor spiritual a benefit destroys the moral value of an action. In “foundations of the metaphysics of morals,” kant establishes an ethical view that only actions performed from duty have moral worth in order to be a moral action, the action must have its grounding in a maxim that can be universalized the maxim should be applicable to every circumstances or cases without a fundamental flaw being found in the maxim.